Caring For And Dealing With Foot Blisters, Corns And Calluses
Corns, calluses and blisters are probably one of the most common issues, when it comes to the skin. In general, blisters may appear in any part of a body, but they are the most common of feet and hands. On the other side, corns and calluses are the most common on the feet. All of this means that your feet may be affected by one or several of these issues. No matter when and how you will have to solve the main cause and the side-effects of it. Keep in mind that there are a lot of reasons for developing all three issues, but there are a lot of treatments as well. I wrote up 2 nice articles on Footwear that helps with this issue. You can check out the Orthopedic one here and the other on Comfortable Shoes here.
Dealing with blisters
Blisters are probably the most common issue of all three and they come in different forms. The main cause why they occur is when the epidermis, the first layer of the skin is injured. When this happens, the fluid will develop a blister in order to prevent further damage. It may be bloody, clean or even infected. Luckily, in most cases, they aren’t dangerous and they need up to 7 days to completely heal. The healing time also depends on the movement and the hygiene of your foot.
There are a lot of reasons for developing blisters. The most common ones are related to the heat and cold. Both, low and high temperatures can cause blisters due to the fact they damage the skin. Cold is known to cause the lower layers of the blood vessels to freeze, which will cause a blister. In this case, feet are the most affected.
Other two reasons for developing blisters are friction and chemicals. Certain chemicals will damage the skin and cause minor damages that will be followed by blisters. Friction is usually related to just one area and if this happens to you, the affected area or a blister should be covered with a bandage, in order to prevent further complications.
Diseases can cause blisters as well. The most common ones are:
Treatments for blisters
Most types of blisters on your feet will heal in 7 days and they won’t re-appear. But, if they appear again, you should use one or all of these treatments. They include:
- Aloe Vera gel
- Changing shoes, if this is the main cause
Bursting blisters is the most common mistake and all doctors advice not do burst them. The main risk is from an infection, due to the fact fluid and lower layers of the skin/tissue are exposed. If a blister still bursts, you should cover it in order to eliminate the exposure to the bacteria, germs and etc. It will heal between 3 and 7 days.
Dealing with corns
Corns are another, every common issue that affects your feet. In general, they are areas of hardened skin, which may have a lot of layers. They occur due to the friction and they are common on hands as well. In most cases, they will disappear after some time, but if the main cause is still present, they will still re-appear.
There are several types of corns. They may be bloody, fibrous and seed corns. All of them are similar and they require similar treatments. Usually, all of them won’t cause pain, but if it appears between the toes, the pain will occur. In those situations, it is recommended to use a bandage in order to eliminate the friction. Corns are related to diabetes patients and they usually occur on the foot and hands.
Treatments for corns
Corns usually happen for a reason and they will disappear when that reason is eliminated. For example, eliminating the friction will eliminate all the corns. However, in rare cases, they may appear again and they may affect a larger area. If this happens to you, you will have to visit a doctor. He will use a sharp instrument in order to remove all corns. This isn’t a painful procedure and it is successful in most cases. On the other side, you can also use a pad that is layered with the cyclical acid. This acid will remove each layer of the skin at a time, until all layers of a corn are eliminated. This is the safest and painless treatment.
Dealing with calluses
Calluses usually affect feet, but they may occur on hands, in some, rare cases. These are areas of hardened skin that occurs mostly in older people. Keep in mind that they are not the same issue as corns, but they usually appear due to the same reason and they require the same treatments. The main difference is the fact calluses have a red dot in the center and they usually have smaller dimensions. On the other side, they usually occur due to the friction. In addition, some people have a genetic predisposition for developing calluses.
This issue usually doesn’t cause pain, but it may cause it in some cases. Luckily, they are rare and they are simple to remove.
Treatments for calluses
As we mentioned earlier, calluses require the same treatments as corns. This means that you should visit a doctor, who will use a sharp instrument in order to remove them. You can try this by yourself and you will have to use a rough stone or an object in order to remove all the layers. Once when they are removed, they won’t appear ever again.
Preventive is still the best treatment
Still, the best treatment for all three issues is preventive. Always avoid chemicals and exposing your feet to extremely low and high temperatures. If you have a job that involves chemicals, wear protective equipment. Due to the fact the friction is probably the most common issue, it should be solved first. Try wearing bigger shoes and replace your socks. When you can, wear light sandals in order to eliminate the friction, and allow for the skin on your feet to regenerate. If you follow these simple actions, blisters, calluses and corns will never be your problem.